Hi, New to the forum and fairly new to MSA studies. One thing that comes up at my works which causes arguments time and time again is the need for a Gage R&R Type II on automated test equipment. Our procedure for an MSA, which I guess is the same for others, is to do a Type 1 first. If you know an operator can influence the test result, then you do a Type II, otherwise you do a Type III. Now, the test equipment in question is an automated In-circuit tester which performs various Resistance, Capacitance tests on components on a PCB. To load the tester you have to place the PCB onto a bed of nails/pins. This can only be placed in 1 way due to location pins. You then pull the lid down and the testing starts. The PCB is affectively shielded from the outside world as its inside a box. I personally feel that because the test equipment is automating the test, a Type II is not required. I also guess the real question is what is meant by operator influence? does it mean something the operator can do during the test/measurement? or something they can do before the test/measurement? For the test equipment in question, yes influence before could be done by an operator by rubbing there hands together, then touching a component to warm it up and place it inside the tester. That could change the results. But in regards to influence during the test/measurement, once its inside and the test starts it is impossible to then try and influence the test/measurement.